Wednesday, March 19, 2014

Setting Hyper-V default paths and migration settings with Desired State Configuration

Okay, now we are getting useful.  Base configuration with Desired State Configuration.

But I will tell you, when I first looked at the modules I immediately wanted to configure default settings of the Hyper-V Server itself and that was totally lacking.

So I decided to spend a few days and create cVMHost – not all of the settings that I want, but enough to cover my needs on my test lab.  You will find it on the Git repository under DSC.

With it I open the following:

  • Configure default VHD path
  • Configure default Virtual Machine path
  • Configure VM Migration
  • Configure enhanced session mode

There are a few fail-safe features I added.  Such as testing the paths, and validating that Hyper-V is there in case the dependencies are left out of the configuration.  At the same time, I didn’t enable defining the migration network or the security model.  I had to start with something useful, and I do have a day job so I could not make it too large.

So, just the xHyper-V – you download the cHyper-V and unzip it to C:\Program Files\WindowsPowerShell\Modules so that PowerShell will automatically load it.

To use it, here is a sample configuration that builds on my other two posts:

configuration Sample_cVMHost

    WindowsFeature hypervRole
        Ensure = 'Present'
        Name = 'Hyper-V'
    WindowsFeature hypervManagement
        Ensure = 'Present'
        Name = 'Hyper-V-PowerShell'
        DependsOn = '[WindowsFeature]hypervRole'


    Import-DscResource -module cHyper-V
    PSHOrg_cVMHost hostSettings
        VMHost = 'localhost'       
        Ensure = 'Present'
        VirtualDiskPath = 'C:\users\public\VHDs'
        VirtualMachinePath = 'C:\users\public\VMConfig'
        VirtualMachineMigration = $true
        EnhancedSessionMode = $false
        DependsOn = '[WindowsFeature]hypervManagement'

    Import-DscResource -module xHyper-V

        xVMSwitch ExternalSwitch
            Ensure         = 'Present'
            Name           = 'VMs'
            Type           = 'External'
            NetAdapterName = (Get-NetAdapter)[0].Name
            AllowManagementOS = $true 


Start-DscConfiguration -Wait -Verbose -Path .\Sample_cVMHost

And there you have it, you have migration enabled, and you could enable enhanced session mode, and you have new default storage paths since you could have an SMB share, or iSCSI storge or some big LUN sitting there that you want to default to.

And if you really want to get sneaky.  Modify these settings prior to creating your VMs using the other xHyper-V modules.

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